image de fond
REACH Authorisation
made simple
go to  the twitter account go to  the linkedin account


Spotlight on the elements of the Application for Authorisation

► Analysis of Alternatives

The Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) is to help determine if there are any suitable alternative substances or technologies

The suitability and availability of alternatives is considered from a triple perspective

  • Risks from alternatives
  • Technical feasibility of substitution
  • Economic feasibility of substitution

Great efforts should be invested in guaranteeing robustness and credibility of the analysis. This may require the involvement of third parties and peer review.

What is an alternative? Possible replacement for an Annex XIV substance in the function that the substance performs or making this function redundant

How to identify possible alternatives?

  • - Need to understand the precise function performed by the substance
  • - Understand the process in which the substance is involved
  • - Imagine other ways of performing the function
  • - Consult within and outside the supply chain

The AoA is a precious source of input for the Socio-Economic Analysis particularly regarding the socio-economic consequences of substitution. Included would be societal costs and benefits if suitable/unsuitable alternatives would have to be implemented (risks, technical and economic impacts).

The steps for an AoA

  • 1. Identify possible alternatives for each use applied for
  • 2. Assess the suitability and availability of possible alternatives, on the basis of their technical and economic feasibility, reduction in risk to the environment and to human health and accessibility
  • 3. Identify relevant R&D that is appropriate to the analysis
  • 4. Determine actions and timescales that may be required to make possible alternatives suitable and available for the applicant. This is useful for discussing the review period.

Key elements of the AoA will be part of the Broad Information on Uses (BIU) package to be published on ECHA’s website to launch public consultation on alternatives.

The AoA or part of it may be included in a confidential Annex (not to be published on ECHA’s website). This could avoid unwanted scrutiny of information that may be sensitive on business strategies, specific use aspects, technologies and so on.

Do consider enriching the Application for Authorisation with a confidential part with information on uses and trends you would like to share with the decision-makers but not with your competitors.

The materials and information included in this publication are provided
as a service to you and do not necessarily reflect endorsement by the
Nickel Institute. The Nickel Institute is not responsible for the accuracy
of information provided from outside sources.
Users are advised to seek their own professional advice.